A PALESZTIN-IZRAELI BÉKEFOLYAMATRÓL | PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI PEACE PROCESS

Clinton külügyminiszter szerint nem csak az amerikaiak és az európaiak sürgetik nyomatékosan a tárgyalásokat és a békekötést, mely egy palesztin állam megalakulását eredményezné. “Az egész világ szerint most van itt a pillanat”-mondta egy interjúban, melyet az Associated Press-nek adott.

Mideast envoys seeks Israeli-Palestinian talks. Secretary Clinton’s Interview to AP, October 11, 2011)

Clinton said it is not just the Americans and Europeans who are pressing for negotiations and a peace deal that would lead to the establishment of a Palestinian state. “The whole world is saying now is the moment,” she said.

In an interview with The Associated Press, she said the message from across the globe to the Israelis and Palestinians is: There has to be a way to work out the Palestinian demand for a settlement freeze before negotiations resume and the Israeli demand for no preconditions.

Palestinian Initiatives for 2011 at the United Nations. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Jim Zanotti and Marjorie Ann Browne. September 23, 2011.

Many Members of Congress are actively interested in the question of possible U.N. action on Palestinian statehood. Congress could try to influence U.S. policy and the choices of other actors through the authorization and appropriation of foreign assistance to the Palestinians, the United Nations, and Israel and through oversight of the Obama Administration’s diplomatic efforts. Changes to aid levels may depend on congressional views of how maintaining or changing aid levels could affect U.S. leverage and credibility in future regional and global contexts.

The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Jim Zanotti. August 30, 2011.

The report provides an overview of current issues in U.S.-Palestinian relations. It also contains an overview of Palestinian society and politics and descriptions of key Palestinian individuals and groups, chiefly the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the Palestinian Authority (PA), Fatah, Hamas, and the Palestinian refugee population. _______________________________________________________________

Palestine protest

The Palestinian-Israeli Peace Process is Dead; What’s Next? Salman Shaikh, Brookings, October 7, 2011.

If we had any doubt about where the “peace process” is headed, the much-anticipated appearances of Mahmoud Abbas and Benjamin Netanyahu at the UN made clear the cold reality of where we are. Both stressed the historical grievances and deep-seated existential fears that have made the conflict between their peoples so intractable. At times, it seemed that each was making closing arguments in a courtroom drama rather than preparing for hard bargaining and historical compromises.

Balance of dignity: President Obama with Benjamin Netanyahu (left) and Mahmoud Abbas; Palestine's statehood will confer equal status to both Israel and Palestine

After the Arab Spring Parts I-III. YaleGlobal. September 21-26, 2011

Statehood for Palestine in name only won’t ensure peace, equal footing with Israel and policies that serve the people living within those borders. A three-part series explores the aftermath of the Arab Spring including the motivations behind the Palestinian quest for statehood and consequences. “A balance of dignity between the parties is a necessary step towards a more durable accommodation,” writes Daniel Bethlehem, principal legal adviser of the UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office from 2006 to 2011 and now a senior fellow at Columbia Law School, in the second article. With statehood designation for Palestine, international law would guide the Palestinian-Israeli relationship, providing “an equality, and a clarity, of law and of legal obligation that would apply to both sides.” The status quo is unsustainable, and supported by many nations, statehood for Palestine is inevitable. Yet a reasonable process and responsibility are essential, too. If Palestinian statehood promotes dialogue over conflict, security over vulnerability, peace over division, it will be welcomed by the world. – YaleGlobal

After the Arab Spring – Part I. After the Arab Spring – Part II. After the Arab Spring – Part III.

Palestinian Statehood: Mixed Views, Low Visibility. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. September 20, 2011

As the United Nations prepares for a debate over Palestinian statehood, Americans express mixed opinions about a possible independent Palestinian state, an issue that has so far drawn little attention from the press or the public. More favor (42%) than oppose (26%) the United States recognizing Palestine as an independent nation, while nearly a third (32%) express no opinion.

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